The Tribunal can review decisions of Defence in respect of applications for Defence honours and awards.
In respect of Defence honours the Tribunal may review an application and make recommendations to Government.
In respect of Defence awards the Tribunal is able to affirm a decision, revoke a decision, substitute a new decision or vary a decision.
The Tribunal can review a decision for eligibility for a Defence honour or award that is available for recognition of service from the beginning of World War II (3 September 1939) onwards.
The Tribunal can review a Defence decision refusing to recommend approval to wear a foreign award for defence service. However, the Tribunal can only review an application for an award within the terms set by the foreign government or international organisation where that government or organisation allows Defence to assess applications for the award or Defence is able to nominate Australian Defence Force members (including ex-serving members) for the award.
To date the Tribunal has completed 149 reviews. Between 2009 and December 2010 the Defence Honours and Awards Tribunal completed 16 reviews. Since the establishment of the Tribunal as a statutory body in January 2011, the Tribunal has completed a further 133 reviews.
What cannot be reviewed by the Tribunal?
Applications for review of eligibility for Defence honours and awards for the period before the commencement of World War II (3 September 1939) can only be referred to the Tribunal by the Government.
If an honour or award does not exist, a person or organisation cannot appeal to the Tribunal to create such an honour or award.
The Tribunal cannot review nominations for the Order of Australia.
The Tribunal cannot review an application for a foreign award that seeks to amend the criteria set by the foreign government or international organisation.
Veterans’ Entitlements: Eligibility for repatriation benefits is governed by the Veterans’ Entitlements Act 1986, the Safety, Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 1988, and the Military Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2004.
There is no formal legal connection between eligibility for the award of medals and repatriation benefits.
The Tribunal has no powers, nor any role, in the determination of eligibility for repatriation benefits for veterans.